Individuals over the age of 40 years should be tested for diabetes every three years. If you have checked off more then one of the boxes below, then you should be tested more often and/or before age 40.

Your risk assessment

  • I am over the age of 40
  • I am overweight
  • I have a parent, brother or sister with diabetes
  • I have delivered a baby over 9 lbs or had gestational diabetes
  • I have impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose (“pre-diabetes”)
  • I have higher than normal blood glucose levels, cholesterol and/or blood pressure
  • I lead a sedentary lifestyle
  • I am a member of a high risk group (Hispanic, African, Asian or Aboriginal descent)
  • I have been diagnosed with any of the following conditions:
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome
    • Schizophrenia
    • Acanthosis nigricans (darken patches of skin)

It is important to be tested for diabetes if you are at risk. If diabetes if left untreated, you are at risk for the following complications:

  • Heart disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Eye disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Sexual dysfunction (impotence)

Recognize the signs

Many people walk around with undiagnosed diabetes because they do not have any symptoms and often diabetes is diagnosed when blood work id being done for other reasons. However, some individuals may experience some of the following symptoms, which may be a sign of diabetes:

  • Unusual thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight change (wt loss)
  • Extreme fatigue or lack of energy
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent or recurring infections
  • Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal
  • Tingling or numbness in hands of feet
  • Trouble getting or maintaining an erection